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Spanish Colors and Numbers

Let’s learn how to talk about some colors in Spanish! We’ll learn the Spanish words for “red”, “blue”, and “green”. We’ll also learn more numbers so that we can count to 39 in Spanish.

Full Podcast Episode


El cielo se ve muy azul hoy.

Intro: Join us on a rigorous, step-by-step journey to fluency. I’m Timothy and this is LearnCraft Spanish.

Today we’re going to be focusing mostly on numbers again. So far we’ve learned all the numbers from 1 to 29. Today we’re going to get to 39.

But we’ll also take a little time to work on the most important Spanish colors. Last week we learned blanco and negro, the words for “white” and “black”. The next three most important colors are “red”, “green”, and “blue”.

The word for “red” is rojo. This changes based on the gender or number of the thing it describes. For example:

There are three red houses near mine.

Hay tres casas rojas cerca de la mía.

Notice that we said casas rojas; Spanish colors typically go right after the nouns they describe.

Our next color is “blue”, and the word is azul, spelled a-z-u-l. For example:

The sky looks very blue today.

El cielo se ve muy azul hoy.

To make this plural, you’ll say azules. For example:

I saw at least six blue cars.

Vi al menos seis autos azules.

And then the word for “green” is verde, or verdes for plural nouns. For example:

I didn’t realize you had green eyes.

No me di cuenta de que tenías ojos verdes.

Let’s practice our colors.

I don’t find the red house.

No encuentro la casa roja.

Do you see those red cars near the animals?

¿Ves esos autos rojos cerca de los animales?

I like the blue phone, but not the green one.

Me gusta el teléfono azul, pero no el verde.

She wants me to remember that she has blue eyes, not green.

Quiere que yo recuerde que tiene ojos azules, no verdes.

All right, now let’s focus on numbers a bit. The word for “thirty” is treinta, spelled t-r-e-i-n-t-a. Treinta. For example:

We can’t have more than thirty people at the party.

No podemos tener más de treinta personas en la fiesta.

To say “thirty-one”, you’ll say treinta y uno. This is very similar to how we learned to say “twenty-one”, which was veintiuno. But veintiuno is all one word. For treinta y uno, it’s all three separate words. Here’s an example:

She’s thirty or thirty-one.

Tiene treinta o treinta y uno.

Note that in the phrase treinta y uno, the word uno will change based on the gender of the thing it describes, in the exact same way that veintiuno changes to veintiún or veintiuna. So for example:

There are thirty-one things in thirty-one places.

Hay treinta y una cosas en treinta y un lugares.

It might feel a bit weird to put the word una or un before a plural noun like cosas or lugares. But this is perfectly normal in phrases like this.

Let’s practice using treinta y uno, treinta y un, and treinta y una.

She has thirty-one red things.

Tiene treinta y una cosas rojas.

She killed thirty-one of their ideas.

Mató treinta y una de sus ideas.

My uncle? Remember that he’s thirty-one years old.

¿Mi tío? Recuerda que él tiene treinta y un años.

He is my enemy number thirty-one.

Él es mi enemigo número treinta y uno.

Do you see number thirty-one? The red one?

¿Ves el número treinta y uno? ¿El rojo?

She doesn’t find any of the thirty-one blue phones.

No encuentra ninguno de los treinta y un teléfonos azules.

The rest of the numbers from 32 to 39 are very simple: You just use treinta and then y and then the simple number. So thirty-two is treinta y dos, thirty-three is treinta y tres, and so on. For example:

He’s thirty-nine and his wife is thirty-six.

Él tiene treinta y nueve años y su esposa treinta y seis.

Let’s practice all of the numbers from 31 to 39.

My aunt is thirty-eight years old.

Mi tía tiene treinta y ocho años.

He found the murderer and he was thirty-three years old.

Encontró al asesino y tenía treinta y tres años.

I thought you had thirty-one things, not thirty-six.

Creía que tenías treinta y una cosas, no treinta y seis.

Do you want thirty-one or thirty–two?

¿Quieres treinta y uno o treinta y dos?

I found thirty-one games in my room.

Encontré treinta y un juegos en mi habitación.

After thirty-four comes thirty-five.

Después del treinta y cuatro viene el treinta y cinco.

I don’t remember if she is thirty-seven or thirty-nine.

No recuerdo si tiene treinta y siete o treinta y nueve.

For more practice with any of this, feel free to dig deeper at LCSPodcast.com/173. Or if you’re ready, let’s go on to today’s final quiz.

I have found thirty-one.

He encontrado treinta y uno.

He came in through the red door.

Entró por la puerta roja.

Do you remember when we were thirty-two?

¿Recuerdas cuando teníamos treinta y dos años?

If you don’t find the thirty-five things, it’ll be a problem.

Si no encuentras las treinta y cinco cosas, será un problema.

When they enter, there will be either thirty-one or thirty-four people.

Cuando entren, habrá treinta y una o treinta y cuatro personas.

There are thirty-nine humans there, and thirty-eight dogs.

Hay treinta y nueve humanos ahí, y treinta y ocho perros.

We found the blue ones, but not the red ones.

Encontramos los azules, pero no los rojos.

My grandfather has a red car and he’s entering the house.

Mi abuelo tiene un auto rojo y está entrando en la casa.

Kill the green one!

¡Mata al verde!

We couldn’t enter, but we found his girlfriend outside.

No pudimos entrar, pero encontramos a su novia afuera.

I want him to remember that my grandmother is not an idiot.

Quiero que recuerde que mi abuela no es una idiota.

We’re entering a house with thirty-seven blue doors.

Entramos en una casa con treinta y siete puertas azules.

I haven’t killed thirty-one, I’ve killed thirty-three.

No he matado treinta y uno, he matado treinta y tres.

They found thirty-six black dogs there.

Encontraron treinta y seis perros negros ahí.

She doesn’t kill anything.

No mata nada.

Find the green clothes!

¡Encuentra la ropa verde!

You have to remember that you killed it.

Tienes que recordar que lo mataste.

I think she doesn’t remember how to find the red ones (f).

Creo que ella no recuerda cómo encontrar las rojas.

My husband doesn’t like killing.

A mi marido no le gusta matar.

Did you find my boyfriend? We entered the house, but I don’t know where he is.

¿Encontraste a mi novio? Entramos en la casa, pero no sé dónde está.

Go in through the white door!

¡Entra por la puerta blanca!

The green ones (f) are going to kill me, but the white ones (f) are fine.

Las verdes van a matarme, pero las blancas están bien.

For more practice with all of this, go to LCSPodcast.com/173.

In tomorrow’s episode, we’ll learn some new nouns, including the words for “message”, “information”, and “attention”.

This show is brought to you by LearnCraftSpanish.com. The Spanish voice in this episode was our coach Michael Agudelo. Our music was performed by the Seattle Marimba Quartet, and I’m Timothy, encouraging you to do the hard work of learning Spanish. Acquiring a second language is one of the most fulfilling things you can do, so start your fluency journey today at LCSPodcast.com.

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