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La Naturaleza

Let’s learn several new Spanish nouns that are often found outdoors, including the words “plant”, “nature”, “tree”, “sun”, and “river”. We’ll also get some spoken practice quizzing with these new words in lots of different contexts.

Full Podcast Episode


¿Les gusta la naturaleza?

Intro: Join us on a rigorous, step-by-step journey to fluency. I’m Timothy and this is LearnCraft Spanish.

Today we’re going to learn a bunch of fun nouns for things you find outside, particularly in nature, and we’ll start with the word for “nature”, which is naturaleza. This is a feminine noun. So for example:

I like to spend time in nature.

Me gusta pasar tiempo en la naturaleza.

Literally “I like to pass time in the nature.”

Next, the word for “plant” is planta. For example:

There aren’t many plants around my house.

No hay muchas plantas alrededor de mi casa.

The word for “tree” is árbol, spelled a-r-b-o-l, with an accent mark on the A. So for example:

The trees here are different from ours.

Los árboles aquí son diferentes de los nuestros.

Let’s practice these.

Apparently there are a lot of trees outside my house.

Al parecer hay muchos árboles afuera de mi casa.

She started to like nature a long time ago.

Le empezó a gustar la naturaleza hace mucho tiempo.

There are a lot of trees and plants out in nature.

Hay muchos árboles y plantas afuera en la naturaleza.

She tries all the plants that she sees to see if she can eat them.

Prueba todas las plantas que ve para ver si las puede comer.

All right, next, when you have a whole lot of trees together, in English we call that a forest or “the woods”. In Spanish, the word is bosque, spelled b-o-s-q-u-e. Bosque. For example:

We saw a lot of animals in the forest.

Vimos muchos animales en el bosque.

The word for “lake” is lago, and the word for “river” is río, with an accent over the letter I. So for example:

We walked along the river to the lake.

Anduvimos por el río hasta el lago.

Let’s practice bosque, lago, and río.

There is a lake in the forest.

Hay un lago en el bosque.

We start at the forest and finish at the lake.

Empezamos en el bosque y terminamos en el lago.

He’s going after that animal in the river.

Anda tras ese animal en el río.

Try this food, it’s better in the river.

Prueba esta comida, es mejor en el río.

Next let’s learn the words for “sun” and “moon”. “The sun” is el sol, spelled s-o-l, and “the moon” is la luna, spelled l-u-n-a. For example:

Don’t look at the sun, look at the moon!

¡No mires el sol, mira la luna!

The word for the sea is el mar, and the word for the beach is la playa. For example:

Let’s go to the beach! I want to see the sea.

¡Vamos a la playa! Quiero ver el mar.

And then the word for “island” is isla. So for example:

The building is on an island in the river.

El edificio está en una isla en el río.

Let’s practice sol, luna, mar, isla, and playa.

There are a lot of beaches on this island.

Hay muchas playas en esta isla.

I want him to save the girl I love, she is in the sea.

Quiero que él salve a la chica que amo, está en el mar.

He wants me to hate the sun, but I like the beach.

Él quiere que odie el sol, pero me gusta la playa.

The moon looks gorgeous from this island.

La luna parece hermosa desde esta isla.

If I save him, he can’t go to the sea again.

Si lo salvo, no puede ir al mar otra vez.

You can see the sun and the moon from the beach.

Puedes ver el sol y la luna desde la playa.

To wrap up, let’s learn a few nouns related to the weather, or el tiempo. We’ll start with “rain”, which is lluvia, spelled l-l-u-v-i-a. So for example:

Do you hear the rain?

¿Escuchas la lluvia?

The word for “storm” is tormenta. For example:

We couldn’t go because there was a very big storm.

No pudimos ir porque había una tormenta muy grande.

And the word for “snow” is nieve. For example:

They’re walking by foot in the snow.

Andan a pie en la nieve.

Let’s practice these.

There won’t be rain but snow.

No habrá lluvia sino nieve.

I hate the rain, a storm is coming.

Odio la lluvia, viene una tormenta.

You have to save her from the snow storm.

Tienes que salvarla de la tormenta de nieve.

For more practice with any of this, feel free to dig deeper at LCSPodcast.com/219. Or if you’re ready, let’s go on to today’s final quiz.

I don’t want her to hate the snow, it’s pretty.

No quiero que odie la nieve, es bonita.

We started walking in the forest.

Empezamos a andar en el bosque.

She’s starting to like plants, but I started a long time ago.

Le están empezando a gustar las plantas, pero yo empecé hace mucho tiempo.

Start walking or we won’t get to the forest or to the river.

Empieza a andar o no llegaremos ni al bosque ni al río.

He wants me to save the cat in that tree.

Quiere que salve al gato en ese árbol.

He’s starting to like the island.

Empieza a gustarle la isla.

Do you try new food every day? She hates doing that.

¿Pruebas nueva comida todos los días? Ella odia hacer eso.

There is a strange plant beside the river.

Hay una planta extraña al lado del río.

She had saved them a lot of times at the beach.

Los ha salvado muchas veces en la playa.

I don’t like staring at the moon, except when I’m at the lake.

No me gusta mirar la luna, salvo cuando estoy en el lago.

He got out of the storm safe and happy.

Salió de la tormenta salvo y feliz.

You have to try just one of these.

Tienes que probar uno solo de estos.

I like nature because I like trees and the sun.

Me gusta la naturaleza porque me gustan los árboles y el sol.

There is no snow on this island.

No hay nieve en esta isla.

He is strong in the face of nature.

Es fuerte ante la naturaleza.

I like the beach more than the lake, because I like the sea and the sun.

Me gusta la playa más que el lago, porque me gusta el mar y el sol.

(Formal) Save him from the storm! The rain has started!

¡Sálvelo de la tormenta! ¡La lluvia ha empezado!

She wants me to start before the rain.

Quiere que empiece antes de la lluvia.

There is a beach next to the city, opposite that place.

Hay una playa junto a la ciudad, frente a ese lugar.

I’m very sorry that you couldn’t start your trip at sea.

Lamento que no pudieras empezar tu viaje en el mar.

I want him to be safe, so she saved him.

Quiero que él esté a salvo, así que ella lo salvó.

The moon seems very big today.

La luna parece muy grande hoy.

For more practice with all of this, go to LCSPodcast.com/219, or tune in tomorrow for a big quiz to practice everything we’ve learned this week.

This show is brought to you by LearnCraftSpanish.com. The Spanish voice in this episode was our coach Michael Agudelo. Our music was performed by the Seattle Marimba Quartet, and I’m Timothy, encouraging you to do the hard work of learning Spanish. Acquiring a second language is one of the most fulfilling things you can do, so start your fluency journey today at LCSPodcast.com.

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